Irrigation is applying controlled amount of water to plants at intervals that are needed. Irrigation methods have been grouped into four. Surface irrigation is the greatest type of irrigation. In this method of water is spread to all the other ground parts by gravity. Water is channeled to the field through various ways such as siphons, gated pipes and turn out structures. This method can only be applicable where the land is flat and sloping, and the soil has a medium to fine texture, to promote the spreading of the water. Sprinkler irrigation is the other mode of irrigation. The method entails releasing water to the air in form of spray and then allowing it to get to the plants the same way as rain. Equipment such as pipes and sprinklers are needed for the method, therefore, making it quite expensive. The advantage of the method is that it can be applied in all terrains.
Another irrigation method is the use of drip. In this method water is applied through emitters direct to the soil inform of drops or streams. This the method is beneficial in that it can be used in all soil types regardless of the soil type. Subsurface irrigation is an irrigation method. Water is applied below the soil surface in this irrigation method. This may vary depending on various factors such as the depth of the water table. One of the great things that have impacted society is irrigation. The greatest advantage of irrigation is that it has helped to protect crops against drought. Crops are able to thrive well and therefore great harvest is experienced. Death through starvation has been reduced greatly in countries through the use of irrigation that has improved food security.
The other benefit of irrigation is that it helps to preserve soil nutrients. Manual watering may cause runoff water that may result in leaching carrying away nutrients in the soil. The another benefit of irrigation is to reduce the time needed by a plant to grow. The plants more appealing a more green and this helps to manufacture plant food faster through photosynthesis. This helps to reduce stunted growth in plants therefore saving time. Irrigation also reduces the chances of weed growth in the land. Only areas that have crops will be facilitated with water in the case of an irrigation system. This helps to limit potential weed growth in the land. One is also able to manage time as a result of irrigation. A a person can engage in other money-making activities with the time that would have been consumed by irrigation.
Application of irrigation has benefited in changing formally unproductive land into good use. More land has been kept into great use as a result of irrigation this reducing land wastage. plant Irrigation is an easy thing to carry out since it does not necessarily require tap water but can use groundwater-surface water as well as recycled water. Irrigation materials are not hard to get since apart from them being available in the market they are also present in online markets. There are many online ventures that have specialized in the selling of irrigation equipment at fair prices that is friendly to one’s pockets.